This inquiry prompts students to investigate the social, economic, and environmental issues surrounding the global banana industry. In investigating the compelling question regarding real cost of bananas, students explore the pros and cons of the banana industry, including the practices of multinational corporations (MNCs) and smaller fair-trade cooperatives and organizations. Students grapple with several layers of connected concerns relative to the banana industry and argue for or against increased governmental support for the fair-trade banana market. In doing so, students develop an understanding of the rights and responsibilities of private citizens and corporations. They also begin to build a foundational understanding of the complicated relationship between government and business in the local, national, and global economy, as well as their own roles as consumers and citizens in shaping these issues.